Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering (AEINDBASC)

Academic Advisor
Gayle Lesmond
Room MC109, Mechanical Engineering Building 

Industrial Engineering (IE) is a discipline that applies engineering principles to the design and operation of organizations. Industrial Engineering students learn to analyze, design, implement, control, evaluate and improve the performance of complex organizations, taking into consideration people, technology and information systems. Industrial engineers use operations research, information engineering and human factors tools and methods to improve and optimize systems operations and performance.

Industrial engineers share the common goal of increasing an organization’s efficiency, profitability and safety in a variety of industries including health care, finance, retail, entertainment, government, information technology, transportation, energy, manufacturing and consulting. Unlike traditional disciplines in engineering and the mathematical sciences, IE addresses the role of the human decision-maker as a key contributor to the inherent complexity of systems and the primary benefactor of the analyses.

Industrial Engineering bears a close resemblance to management science, management engineering, operations research, operations management and systems engineering.

The objective of the Industrial Engineering program curriculum is to educate engineers who:

  • Employ effective analysis and design tools.
  • Integrate perspectives into a systems view of the organization.
  • Understand both the theory and the practice of Industrial Engineering.

In the first two years of the curriculum, the emphasis is placed on fundamental principles of engineering and core industrial engineering concepts. Tools taught in second year include probability, psychology for engineers, fundamentals of object-oriented programming, engineering economics and accounting, operations research, differential equations, statistics, human-centered systems design and data modeling.

In third-year, students learn various perspectives on the operation of organizations, including productivity, information, ergonomics and economics. They also select technical electives allowing them to specialize in information engineering, operations research and human factors and investigate other IE areas such as business process engineering, design of information systems and data analytics. These same courses may be taken as fourth-year technical electives (schedule permitting). Therefore, students may use their fourth-year electives to pursue their specializations further in-depth or to investigate other IE areas.

In fourth-year, the central theme is the design and management of an organization as an integrated system. All students participate in an Integrated Systems Design course to design the business processes of an organization and a Capstone Design course that requires students to draw on knowledge from all years of the IE program to tackle a real-world project with an industry partner. There is also a research thesis option.

Job opportunities for IE graduates are diverse and offer challenging careers in a wide variety of industries, including consulting. Three prototypical jobs for new graduates include:

  • Manage an organizational supply chain to ensure new products can be successfully introduced into global sales channels.
  • Test the interaction features of a new software application.
  • Identify the increased capacity requirements necessary to accommodate the expected surgical volume of hospitals.


The Cross-Disciplinary Programs Office (CDP) offers a variety of minors and certificate programs that complement the Industrial Engineering curriculum. Students interested in pursuing an Engineering minor and/or certificate are encouraged to consult with the CDP. 

Graduate Studies in Industrial Engineering

The Department offers graduate studies and research opportunities in a wide range of fields within Industrial Engineering. These include human factors engineering, information engineering, management science, manufacturing, operations research, systems design and optimization, reliability and maintainability engineering. Subject areas include queuing theory, cognitive engineering, human-computer interaction and human factors in medicine. The programs available lead to MEng, MASc and PhD degrees. Evening courses are offered to accommodate participants who work full-time and are interested in pursuing M.Eng degrees. Additional information can be obtained from the Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Graduate Studies Office and


Mechanical Engineering (AEMECBASC)

Academic Advisor
Gayle Lesmond
Room MC109, Mechanical Engineering Building 

The Mechanical Engineering profession faces unprecedented challenges and exciting opportunities in its efforts to serve the needs of society. The broad disciplinary base and design orientation of the field will continue to make the skills of the mechanical engineer crucial to the success of virtually all technical systems that involve energy, motion, materials, design, automation and manufacturing. The explosive growth in the availability of lower-cost, compact and high-speed computing hardware and software is already revolutionizing the analysis, design, manufacture and operation of many mechanical engineering systems. Mechanical engineering systems are part of automotive engineering, robotics, fuel utilization, nuclear and thermal power generation, materials behaviour in design applications, transportation, biomechanical engineering, environmental control and many others.

To prepare mechanical engineers for the challenges of such a broad discipline, the program is designed to:

  • Provide fundamental knowledge of the various subdisciplines.
  • Teach methodology and systems analysis techniques for integrating this knowledge into useful design concepts
  • Make graduates fully conversant with modern facilities, such as CAD/CAM and microprocessor control, by which design concepts can be produced and competitively manufactured.

The knowledge component includes the key subdisciplines of mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, control theory, dynamics, material science and design. All are based on adequate preparation in mathematics and in such fundamental subjects as physics and chemistry.

Integration of this knowledge is accomplished in third- and fourth-year courses. Students select many upper-year courses from a list of electives, permitting them to choose subjects compatible with their individual interests. Most technical elective courses are from one of five streams or subject areas: manufacturing, mechatronics, solid mechanics and machine design, energy and environment or bioengineering. Students are encouraged to select a sequence of courses from two of the five streams, acquiring a greater depth of knowledge in those areas. The fourth-year Capstone Design course encompasses all aspects of the program as students complete a two-term design project for an industrial partner or client. Students also have the option of doing a one- or two-term thesis in their fourth year of study, allowing independent study and research with faculty members.

With this diverse background, virtually all industries seek the services of the practicing mechanical engineer as an employee or a consultant. Mechanical engineers are involved in the primary power production industry where hydraulic, thermal and nuclear energy is converted to electricity; integrated manufacturing of automobiles and other equipment; aircraft and other transportation systems; heating and air conditioning industry; design and manufacture of electronic hardware; materials processing plants and many others industries.

For the modern mechanical engineer, the undergraduate program is only the first step in this educational process. An increasing number of graduates pursue advanced degrees in particular areas of specialization. Graduates entering the industry can continue their education by participating in the graduate program.

Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering

The Department offers graduate study and research opportunities in a wide range of fields within Mechanical Engineering. These include applied mechanics, biomedical engineering, computer-aided engineering, energy studies, fluid mechanics and hydraulics, materials, manufacturing, robotics, automation and control, design, surface sciences, thermodynamics and heat transfer, plasma processing, vibration, computational fluid dynamics, microfluidics and micromechanics, environmental engineering, thermal spray coatings, finite element methods, internal combustion engines and spray-forming processes. The programs lead to MEng, MASc and PhD degrees. Evening courses are offered to accommodate participants who work full-time and are interested in pursuing an MEng. Additional information can be obtained from the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Graduate Studies Office and


Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Programs